Vendée, War of the
- The War of the Vendée was a counterrevolutionary insurrection during the revolution of 1789 that developed in the Vendée region of western France, in Maine-et-Loire and within the confines of Poitou and Anjou. Precipitated by the February 24, 1793, decree of the Convention calling for the military conscription of 300,000 men and more profoundly by economic difficulties and Revolutionary religious policies (civil constitution of the clergy), it was born among the peasant populations and led by nobles (louis de la roquejacquelein and françois-athanase charette de la contrie.), numerous refractory priests, and others. The large army of Vendée insurgents (or "Whites") included 40,000 men and, in 1793, had several victories before being stopped at Nantes (June 1793). To crush the revolt, the Committee of Public safety adopted the stronger measures and sent more republican troops, who formed the Army of the West, under the command of General jean-baptiste kléber, into the region. The massacre of republicans by the insurgents led to the establishment of the terror.CoI-lective drowning of the insurgents was ordered by the government, and the Revolutionary commanders were ordered to devastate the Vendée. The revolt continued, however, with an army of émigrés landing at Quiberon in June 1795, but they were defeated. In 1815, the Vendée rose up again but this uprising, too, was suppressed.
France. A reference guide from Renaissance to the Present . 1884.
Look at other dictionaries:
War in the Vendée — Part of the War of the First Coalition … Wikipedia
War of the Pyrenees — Part of the French Revolutionary Wars The Panissars blockhouse, looking south from the Fort de Bellegarde into Spain. The town of La Junquera is left of center … Wikipedia
The Legislative Assembly and the fall of the French monarchy — The French Revolution was a period in the history of France covering the years 1789 to 1799, in which republicans overthrew the Bourbon monarchy and the Roman Catholic Church perforce underwent radical restructuring. This article covers the one… … Wikipedia
Vendée — Infobox Department of France department=Vendée|number=85 region=Pays de la Loire prefecture=La Roche sur Yon subprefectures=Fontenay le Comte Les Sables d Olonne population=559,888|pop date=2004|pop rank=45th|density=80 area=6720|area scale=9… … Wikipedia
The Women's March on Versailles — An illustration of the Women s March on Versailles, 5 October 1789 The Women s March on Versailles, also known as The October March, The October Days, or simply The March on Versailles, was one of the earliest and most significant events of the… … Wikipedia
The Mountain — For other articles titled The Mountain , see The Mountain (disambiguation). The Mountain (French: La Montagne) refers in the context of the history of the French Revolution to a political group, whose members, called Montagnards, sat on the… … Wikipedia
war — war1 /wawr/, n., v., warred, warring, adj. n. 1. a conflict carried on by force of arms, as between nations or between parties within a nation; warfare, as by land, sea, or air. 2. a state or period of armed hostility or active military… … Universalium
The Vichy 80 — were a group of elected French parliamentarians who, on 10 July 1940, voted against the constitutional change that dissolved the Third Republic and established an authoritarian regime known as Vichy France. Nazi Germany invaded France on 14 May… … Wikipedia
Vendée Globe 2008/2009 — Foncia, die Yacht von Michel Desjoyeaux, Sieger 2000/2001 und 2008/2009. Die Vendée Globe ist eine Nonstop Einhand Segelregatta rund um die Welt, die 2008/2009 zum sechsten Mal ausgetragen wurde. 1989 von Philippe Jeantot ins Leben gerufen,… … Deutsch Wikipedia
The Unvanquished — infobox Book | name = The Unvanquished title orig = translator = image caption = First edition cover author = William Faulkner cover artist = country = United States language = English series = genre = Novel publisher = Random House release date … Wikipedia